STEEL CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS

Steel conveyor systems exhibit certain advantages over reinforced concrete systems. High
exposed to earthquake loads at a minimum level due to their strength and design being light
the stays are one of these advantages. Tensile and pressure as material properties of steel
with lower tensile strength than materials with equivalent strength
can be considered as a good solution for non-performing systems.

The installation of steel elements on site or atelier manufacturing is fast.
Unlike reinforced concrete construction systems, installations in all conditions, except for unusual weather conditions
done. For this reason, construction times are short. Dismantling for any reason
this process can be carried out quickly if necessary and in addition,
it can be constructed with the same materials again with very little loss in the place. Great openings
systems that can not be passed by reinforced concrete building materials steel carriers
systems can be easily passed. Quality control of steel construction elements
Below. They are produced in factory conditions in accordance with standards and values. Homogeneous and
since it is an isotropic material, it exhibits its expected behavior and therefore
the error margin in static calculations is very low.

Buildings with steel conveyor systems, developed countries due to engineering applications find a lot of space in the building sector, but due to their high costs in our country
compared to buildings with reinforced concrete systems, they had a much smaller number of applications.
Statistically, the share of steel structures in some developed countries is 50% in Europe,
70% in America and 80% in Japan, while only 5%
It is around. Undoubtedly, these systems can be more economically dimensioned and built,
seismic performances of these structures are very high, such as our country active earthquake risk
and it is thus possible to prevent the occurrence of an earthquake
the damage will be reduced to the minimum level.

Besides, the point reached in science and technology in today's civilization, unfortunately
even at the expense of damaging the world's ecosystem
aimed to provide. So, global warming is a real threat to future generations
form. Human activities are ultimately emitted by the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, spherical
It is the biggest cause of heat. Production and transport are two major sources of carbon dioxide emissions
although the construction sector plays an important role in this issue. Building and
construction work, global resource use after today's energy production and pollution
they have the largest share in the spread. Urban population worldwide is one million every week
Considering the fact that people are increasing, sustainable and / or environmentalist construction
it becomes very important. By reducing environmental impact throughout the lifespan of structures such as sustainable (environmental) construction, housing, work environment and infrastructure,
aims to meet the needs of the organization.

Steel is one of the most sustainable (environmentalist) materials on earth. Since the early 1990s, the steel industry has reduced the amount of energy it uses to produce a ton of steel in about a third. 95% of the water used in the steel production process is recycled. Every piece of steel used in construction has a recyclable content. Moreover, steel can be recovered and recycled into new high quality products. Steel structures require less material to carry the same amount of load carried by reinforced concrete, masonry and timber structures. In this context, the use of structures with a steel carrier system is increasing in the construction sector. The use of structures with steel carrier systems in the construction industry helps designers achieve sustainable (environmental) standards at the highest level. Beyond that, the use of steel constructions reduces the amount of waste generated in the buildings to a minimum. This is in fact due to the fact that preliminary engineering and preparation of almost all the construction project is done by using modern and efficient technology and the building members and panels are prepared in workshops and factories and then transported to the construction site and assembled. As a result, buildings constructed using steel carrier elements can be used to build sustainable (environmentally friendly) buildings that are energy efficient and environmentally friendly.

Asst. Assoc. Dr. Serdar ÇARBAŞ
Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University,
Engineering faculty,
Civil engineering Department,
Dept of Building Anabilim
Karaman Turkey

 

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