According to general facts, space could be tried with the Sputnik-I in 1957. Of course, space researches had begun much earlier, but the public had information about space studies with this first satellite. Space researches have progressed at a great pace since then. There were many firsts: the first creature to escape, the first person to escape, the first vehicle to the moon, the first person to the moon, the first vehicle to Mars, and so on. The common point observed in these studies was multidisciplinary.
It is natural that space exploration and space studies are multifaceted. First of all, since we deal with many new worlds, any kind of discipline in the world we now live on will have a place in these studies. In addition, new transportation, communication, adaptation and so on. Additional problems such as this will make the studies more difficult. Overcoming these problems will require the use of all the know-how accumulated so far in the world and scientists and engineers from different disciplines in many places. Now there are new people to learn and their new naturalities. "Mankind goes every where it can go", according to the rule, the next few decades will be the first touristic and permanent settlements in the orbit of the earth and the moon, and the first discovery trips to Mars. They will follow the colonization of the places left and the more remote world travels.
This is when the settlement starts at this point, that is, in the void of space and in all the extraterrestrial environments, civil engineering will take over the task of thousands of years: protecting humanity from negative natural conditions by using local natural opportunities and overcoming natural obstacles. The word "local" in this description is full of facts when it comes to the difficulties in transporting materials and equipment to these new environments from around the world.
SPACE RESEARCHES OF WORLD CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING
As the settlement nears the age of space, the process of preparing civil engineering for new tasks has also accelerated.
1-) INVESTIGATION OF THE NATURAL CONDITIONS OF THE NEW ENVIRONMENTS:
Moon ground, topography and seismology were studied further. As a result of the on-site experiments and examinations of the samples taken at various times, a great deal of information has been obtained both in terms of ground mechanics and in terms of the elements that can be obtained from this soil. The structures will be covered with 2-6 m thick moon land, which will provide sufficient protection from the negative factors.
2-) PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS BY USING LOCAL FACILITIES:
Mine and other elements that can be economically obtained from moon land, such as construction materials, especially moon concrete * have been investigated to the extent that it can be called advanced.
3-) WORK IN THE NEW ENVIRONMENT:
It has been determined that a variety of building types can be used, considering that the structures in which the living things will be located will be under the influence of internal pressure, and that these structures will also be economical in the form of sphere or cylinder. Monthly construction will reveal that moon land will be needed in abundant quantities. In production management, all efficiency and cost databases will be changed, risk management and zero error concepts will be very important in planning works.
4-) TRANSPORT IN NEW BODIES:
Previously used manned or unmanned campaigns, various land vehicles on the moon have been successfully used. Work is ongoing for roads and railway or cable transportation that will be needed for long-term settlements. It is also foreseen that these roads will be used for energy transmission at the same time.
5-) ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN NEW BODIES:
The environmental engineering aspects of the month will be so important that it can not be denied, and the storage, destruction or recycling of waste will be given a high priority. Increasing knowledge in this area is also an up-to-date topic. At this time, the International Space Station, which is circulating around the world, is gaining valuable experience in this regard.
6-) RESERVATION PLACE SELECTION:
At present, mankind will be settled somewhere near the southern pole in the month. Thus, it will be able to take advantage of the continuous solar energy and close to the invisible part of the world, where it will be able to get rid of the world-borne radio pollution.
SPACE INVESTIGATIONS IN TURKISH CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING:
Turkish engineering has entered space researches in various ways for a long time. Many valuable Turkish engineers continue to work in the space sector at the present US institution NASA, European Space Agency ESA. Our country is the only institution that trains members on aerospace engineering at Istanbul Technical University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Aerospace Engineering Department at the Faculty of taking up to 30 students each year to Turkey gives trained personnel in this field. These employees are currently working in various civilian and military establishments, particularly in the service areas related to TURKSAT / satellites / academic air-space research centers, some technology firms.
It was founded in 1983. The said section, and it received its first students in 1986, ten years in Turkey "will be put into orbit around the world, manned and unmanned satellites and other spacecraft and they will put in orbit rockets to build, their mission path and plan their calculation, by checking them constantly , "and" engineers who are useful in carrying out scientific and technological experiments to be carried out on spacecrafts, using satellites for communication purposes, and carrying out many civil and military services related to the world ".
In areas such as space construction engineer and space architect who will be involved in the realization of space settlements in other dimensions of space engineering, the work is still in the phase of enterprise. Initiatives to be mentioned in this context are seen in Eastern Mediterranean University in Cyprus. This university will be in the Department of Civil Engineering at the beginning of the 2000 – 2001 academic year spring semester. an "elective course on Introduction to Space Civil Engineering" was opened to the students of the class. Since this course is still offered on the internet in distance education program, it will be followed by students of other universities in the future. Also within this scope, the same university is carrying out graduate studies related to constructions that can be applied in space, especially in the month. It would also be appropriate to include an investigation to determine the points of view of the largest international construction, design and construction management firms on space constructions. In this case, it is possible to mention that Turkish civil engineering started to enter the space age as well. Other branches of science will follow.