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Interview with Ersan Güray Hocamız

1) can you tell us briefly about yourself and your work?

I came to the world in Kocaeli in the summer of 1978. We were there because of my parents ' civil servant. I spent a small fraction of my childhood in Gölcük, in Degirmendere. When we were kids, the whole place was Nuts. The owner of the vineyard, without seeing the cherry, plum, quince trees, Then came the owner of the remote connection, an announcement came from one of the children: "the owner of the vineyard comes, run away!", we Ran. We had these fruits in our homes, but it was more fun to be in those gardens as a kid. We used to ride on the beach with our bikes, fishing on the Pier. I was not very social, except for my criminal incidents of childhood, and I was generally introverted. I used to read the books I found at home, and there were two volumes that I loved so much: "why-how-how", I made rockets out of pharmaceutical tubes, but they took two steps at the Most. The engine that I ripped out of the old Grundig tape from the mother was very interesting, the years ended without a fatal accident with electric Shock.  After I finished middle school, i left. I went to a bigger place, I was in Istanbul with more traffic, crowds of people, and the second bridge that ended that year.  I've met new people, I've read a lot of Western classics. My desire for learning and insight was very high, especially I was very interested in science and Mathematics. My school was close to Boğaziçi university, and my desire to discover it felt more as I walked into this university's bosphorus-facing Park. Then my path fell to Metu. I'm The one who sees this learning from childhood as Fun.

2) What factors have been in your choice of civil engineering?

As a child, we used to build houses from the mud, small villages with waterways among Them. We used the tree branches as Reinforcement. At that time, we had a sense of how a twig was providing support to the mass of mud that it was holding, but not understanding the working principle of this composite formation, but the way that human beings perceive nature First. We couldn't predict the fact that one day We'd be studying civil engineering when we were building our first primitive mud houses. Civil Engineering was a very prestigious profession in those years, just as it still is, but my personal opinion is that it is not a name that deserves prestige, it should not be, all types of engineers are prestigious, as well as having high human values If he can, if he can, he can judge and manage, every engineer is Prestigious.

3) What profession would you prefer if you could go back to the past?

again, I would choose academics, learning, practicing, Teaching and producing knowledge is the right profession for Me. Maybe I'd be more suited to study physics as a Branch. nevertheless, with the knowledge and experience that I have gained so far, I can approach problems and facts as a Physicist.

4) What was the most difficult course when you were a student?

Maybe you're not used to hearing this, but there was no lesson I was struggling with, just lessons that didn't interest Me. To learn a new topic, we need imagination and motivation to create a new thought.

5) What difficulties have you encountered until you are in your position?

I was mostly suffering from unemployment. There were times when I didn't have a home, and I was in my office. We've always had neighbours, relatives, friends who don't understand Us. An academician can have many disclaasties in his youth Years. He has a research to pursue and his work with Passion. therefore, such a way of life can push us out of the life that others have been able to sustain.

6) What do you think about the future of the construction industry?

We need to look at the whole, not the sector, because the construction sector is also related to the steel industry, or the production of a material used in cement, with mines that produce gravel. The return of all these impellers requires a strong economy, otherwise the construction sector in developing countries, such as ours, is to keep the market Sharp. The market economy is doomed to be chronically ill in countries that are not able to produce raw material, such as ours, and who cannot make the workforce Happy. Apart from that, a few construction bosses have become very wealthy, but they do not connect this Sector.

7) what are the advantages and disadvantages of academics according to you?

first, let me tell you the disadvantages, academics require a lot of work, being diligent, Disciplined. We will also not get anywhere, without effort, by eliminating our personal needs, without protecting our supply, leaving Entrop to Itself. People who like to think, they turn these disadvantages into an advantage. The advantages of academicism are the hard work, the diligent, the Discipline. So they can think systematically, deeply, and produce Information.

8) What do you think are the deficiencies in civil engineering education?

There are deficiencies in civil engineering schools for practical applications. Students only observe the profession in summer internships. however, I am thinking that they should not graduate without producing a reinforced beam that can be used as a test specimen in the universities ' Laboratories. Civil engineering is not to fill every vacant place with concrete, but to the nature-compatible structures, energy usage is low, environment-integrated buildings, and these constructions are crucial to the civilization of the business safety is not necessarily should be emphasized.

9) What are the features that an academician must have and what should an engineer do to develop himself?

The Academy is also the name of the school of philosophy that Plato founded in the Old City of Athens. The philosophy comes from the combination of "phileosophia", the word "sophia", which means wisdom with "phileo" in terms of love in Greek. therefore, An academician should love Knowledge. secondly, An academician should also love to convey what he knows. Because it grows by transmitting universal information, EXPANDS. Academicism is a distinguished profession that provides social benefits such as doctoring, teaching and military service, and requires sacrifices for social Development. An engineer must be responsible for the field he/she works in, adopt his work, and take care of his work and Team.

10) What are your recommendations to civil engineering students?

Civil engineering student is a type of student who usually occurs at the end of the late 10 's and early 20s. Some of these students are largely busy with their lessons and are lacking in all other social cultural activities. Another part of these students is that they do not care about their lessons, but they spend these years by killing them with harmful habits or wasting time. I suggest they fulfill their responsibilities, so they go to class and do their Homework. I would advise them to read about the matters they are interested in. theatre, cinema, dance, Sports activities such as the busy and the place where they live, so your homeland is not enough now in relation to the world environment, sociology, economy and policy issues, ideas and ideas to create . Keep their horizons wide. Let the mind and conscience be free. never, ever leave the Truth. I'm Thanking You.

Ph.D. lecturer Ersan Güray,

Mugla Sitki Koçman university, Faculty of engineering, I Department of Civil engineering, Mechanical division, mugla- Turkey

Virtual reality in the construction sector

Virtual reality

Virtual reality is called environments that are simulated by computers. Most virtual reality environments consist of visual experiences acquired through a computer screen. In addition, some environments take advantage of other senses, such as hearing and movement.

Virtual reality in the construction sector

Speaking of virtual reality technology, we said the user's interaction with the virtual world. From here on, you can imagine that the development of this technology, as in all other sectors, is the perfect thing to do in the field of construction. Before we begin to imagine, let's examine the use of this technology in our sector. I want to put another short concept together: augmented reality. He entered Turkish in terms such as "extended reality" or "enriched reality". It is the version of virtual reality and is used in the construction industry and will have an important place in the future. With virtual reality solutions in the construction sector, we are now able to put a building in the project stage, virtual reality glasses With virtual reality technology, we are able to build it in the virtual world without a structure. We are able to test the human-equipment-structure interaction in a 3d virtual world.

 

this application; It means that time, loss of money and all other risks are reduced to zero. While solving a detail, designing a building element, assembling it, using a work machine, etc., each stage of construction can be rehearsed in the virtual world. " Can this profile be assembled here? Does this machine get in here? Does the pump grow here? "Simple examples of questions that come to mind, all phases from design to assembly can be tested in the virtual world. Project teams will be able to realize all the impropriety before moving on to the real design in the designed virtual world. Manufacturing teams will be able to produce more accurate productions in real life and to see and fix problems in advance thanks to the tests made in the virtual environment prior to manufacturing. Customers will be able to visit the virtual version of the structure before the construction, and will be able to see the final version at the beginning of the structure.

Augmented reality

Unlike virtual reality, augmented reality integrates into the digital world without tearing us apart from the real world. This gives a serious advantage in interactive presentations. Augmented reality is not yet fully behind the computer power, but in some applications it is not as capable of virtual reality, but with the advantage that it captures with real-world integration, it gives an advantage to a range of unique opportunities. For example With its originality, interaction, functionality and impressively, augmented reality provides very serious advantages for architectural and construction sectors. The augmented reality app, which uses the camera of tablets and smartphones to enrich the actual images reflected on the screen through virtual reality, brings the real world and the virtual world together to make users an interactive Experience. The augmented reality technology, where communication technologies specialists are also consensus today, is known as the latest mass information and communication platform following the mobile platform. Augmented reality; is considered as the latest trend of technology and is often voiced by experts who will not stop developing. Augmented reality technology, which is implemented through custom software applications on tablets and smartphones, shows the desired visuals, videos and materials with more real and all the sizes. The images and videos that were previously defined with the camera are presented to the user's knowledge of the project.

 

Ravi Kaushik

STEEL CONSTRUCTION SYSTEMS

Steel conveyor systems exhibit certain advantages over reinforced concrete systems. High
exposed to earthquake loads at a minimum level due to their strength and design being light
the stays are one of these advantages. Tensile and pressure as material properties of steel
with lower tensile strength than materials with equivalent strength
can be considered as a good solution for non-performing systems.

The installation of steel elements on site or atelier manufacturing is fast.
Unlike reinforced concrete construction systems, installations in all conditions, except for unusual weather conditions
done. For this reason, construction times are short. Dismantling for any reason
this process can be carried out quickly if necessary and in addition,
it can be constructed with the same materials again with very little loss in the place. Great openings
systems that can not be passed by reinforced concrete building materials steel carriers
systems can be easily passed. Quality control of steel construction elements
Below. They are produced in factory conditions in accordance with standards and values. Homogeneous and
since it is an isotropic material, it exhibits its expected behavior and therefore
the error margin in static calculations is very low.

Buildings with steel conveyor systems, developed countries due to engineering applications find a lot of space in the building sector, but due to their high costs in our country
compared to buildings with reinforced concrete systems, they had a much smaller number of applications.
Statistically, the share of steel structures in some developed countries is 50% in Europe,
70% in America and 80% in Japan, while only 5%
It is around. Undoubtedly, these systems can be more economically dimensioned and built,
seismic performances of these structures are very high, such as our country active earthquake risk
and it is thus possible to prevent the occurrence of an earthquake
the damage will be reduced to the minimum level.

Besides, the point reached in science and technology in today's civilization, unfortunately
even at the expense of damaging the world's ecosystem
aimed to provide. So, global warming is a real threat to future generations
form. Human activities are ultimately emitted by the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, spherical
It is the biggest cause of heat. Production and transport are two major sources of carbon dioxide emissions
although the construction sector plays an important role in this issue. Building and
construction work, global resource use after today's energy production and pollution
they have the largest share in the spread. Urban population worldwide is one million every week
Considering the fact that people are increasing, sustainable and / or environmentalist construction
it becomes very important. By reducing environmental impact throughout the lifespan of structures such as sustainable (environmental) construction, housing, work environment and infrastructure,
aims to meet the needs of the organization.

Steel is one of the most sustainable (environmentalist) materials on earth. Since the early 1990s, the steel industry has reduced the amount of energy it uses to produce a ton of steel in about a third. 95% of the water used in the steel production process is recycled. Every piece of steel used in construction has a recyclable content. Moreover, steel can be recovered and recycled into new high quality products. Steel structures require less material to carry the same amount of load carried by reinforced concrete, masonry and timber structures. In this context, the use of structures with a steel carrier system is increasing in the construction sector. The use of structures with steel carrier systems in the construction industry helps designers achieve sustainable (environmental) standards at the highest level. Beyond that, the use of steel constructions reduces the amount of waste generated in the buildings to a minimum. This is in fact due to the fact that preliminary engineering and preparation of almost all the construction project is done by using modern and efficient technology and the building members and panels are prepared in workshops and factories and then transported to the construction site and assembled. As a result, buildings constructed using steel carrier elements can be used to build sustainable (environmentally friendly) buildings that are energy efficient and environmentally friendly.

Asst. Assoc. Dr. Serdar ÇARBAŞ
Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University,
Engineering faculty,
Civil engineering Department,
Dept of Building Anabilim
Karaman Turkey

 

UZAY CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING

According to general facts, space could be tried with the Sputnik-I in 1957. Of course, space researches had begun much earlier, but the public had information about space studies with this first satellite. Space researches have progressed at a great pace since then. There were many firsts: the first creature to escape, the first person to escape, the first vehicle to the moon, the first person to the moon, the first vehicle to Mars, and so on. The common point observed in these studies was multidisciplinary.

It is natural that space exploration and space studies are multifaceted. First of all, since we deal with many new worlds, any kind of discipline in the world we now live on will have a place in these studies. In addition, new transportation, communication, adaptation and so on. Additional problems such as this will make the studies more difficult. Overcoming these problems will require the use of all the know-how accumulated so far in the world and scientists and engineers from different disciplines in many places. Now there are new people to learn and their new naturalities. "Mankind goes every where it can go", according to the rule, the next few decades will be the first touristic and permanent settlements in the orbit of the earth and the moon, and the first discovery trips to Mars. They will follow the colonization of the places left and the more remote world travels.

This is when the settlement starts at this point, that is, in the void of space and in all the extraterrestrial environments, civil engineering will take over the task of thousands of years: protecting humanity from negative natural conditions by using local natural opportunities and overcoming natural obstacles. The word "local" in this description is full of facts when it comes to the difficulties in transporting materials and equipment to these new environments from around the world.

 SPACE RESEARCHES OF WORLD CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING

 As the settlement nears the age of space, the process of preparing civil engineering for new tasks has also accelerated.

 1-) INVESTIGATION OF THE NATURAL CONDITIONS OF THE NEW ENVIRONMENTS:

 Moon ground, topography and seismology were studied further. As a result of the on-site experiments and examinations of the samples taken at various times, a great deal of information has been obtained both in terms of ground mechanics and in terms of the elements that can be obtained from this soil. The structures will be covered with 2-6 m thick moon land, which will provide sufficient protection from the negative factors.

 2-) PRODUCTION OF CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS BY USING LOCAL FACILITIES:

 Mine and other elements that can be economically obtained from moon land, such as construction materials, especially moon concrete * have been investigated to the extent that it can be called advanced.

3-) WORK IN THE NEW ENVIRONMENT:

It has been determined that a variety of building types can be used, considering that the structures in which the living things will be located will be under the influence of internal pressure, and that these structures will also be economical in the form of sphere or cylinder. Monthly construction will reveal that moon land will be needed in abundant quantities. In production management, all efficiency and cost databases will be changed, risk management and zero error concepts will be very important in planning works.

 4-) TRANSPORT IN NEW BODIES:

 Previously used manned or unmanned campaigns, various land vehicles on the moon have been successfully used. Work is ongoing for roads and railway or cable transportation that will be needed for long-term settlements. It is also foreseen that these roads will be used for energy transmission at the same time.

 5-) ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH IN NEW BODIES:

 The environmental engineering aspects of the month will be so important that it can not be denied, and the storage, destruction or recycling of waste will be given a high priority. Increasing knowledge in this area is also an up-to-date topic. At this time, the International Space Station, which is circulating around the world, is gaining valuable experience in this regard.

 6-) RESERVATION PLACE SELECTION:

 At present, mankind will be settled somewhere near the southern pole in the month. Thus, it will be able to take advantage of the continuous solar energy and close to the invisible part of the world, where it will be able to get rid of the world-borne radio pollution.

 SPACE INVESTIGATIONS IN TURKISH CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING:

Turkish engineering has entered space researches in various ways for a long time. Many valuable Turkish engineers continue to work in the space sector at the present US institution NASA, European Space Agency ESA. Our country is the only institution that trains members on aerospace engineering at Istanbul Technical University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Aerospace Engineering Department at the Faculty of taking up to 30 students each year to Turkey gives trained personnel in this field. These employees are currently working in various civilian and military establishments, particularly in the service areas related to TURKSAT / satellites / academic air-space research centers, some technology firms.

It was founded in 1983. The said section, and it received its first students in 1986, ten years in Turkey "will be put into orbit around the world, manned and unmanned satellites and other spacecraft and they will put in orbit rockets to build, their mission path and plan their calculation, by checking them constantly , "and" engineers who are useful in carrying out scientific and technological experiments to be carried out on spacecrafts, using satellites for communication purposes, and carrying out many civil and military services related to the world ".

In areas such as space construction engineer and space architect who will be involved in the realization of space settlements in other dimensions of space engineering, the work is still in the phase of enterprise. Initiatives to be mentioned in this context are seen in Eastern Mediterranean University in Cyprus. This university will be in the Department of Civil Engineering at the beginning of the 2000 – 2001 academic year spring semester. an "elective course on Introduction to Space Civil Engineering" was opened to the students of the class. Since this course is still offered on the internet in distance education program, it will be followed by students of other universities in the future. Also within this scope, the same university is carrying out graduate studies related to constructions that can be applied in space, especially in the month. It would also be appropriate to include an investigation to determine the points of view of the largest international construction, design and construction management firms on space constructions. In this case, it is possible to mention that Turkish civil engineering started to enter the space age as well. Other branches of science will follow.

 

                                                                                                               KAYRA YAĞCI

 

 

Interview with Burak Abo

1) Can you tell us about yourself and your work briefly?

I was born in Istanbul in 1994. I got my civil Engineering diploma in 2016. As much as I cared about my education during my university education, I also cared about the social. In the last year of my university education, I took over the role of the Board of Directors of the building club. During my presidential term, I had the need to strengthen the foundation of our club with professionalism, institutional and innovative perspectives. Indeed, the importance of these 3 principles in business life is always separate for me. After our numerous technical trips with our club, we have successfully organized the National Building Conference with 8 sponsors, 13 speakers and 400 participants from 23 different universities. I would say that the preparation process of our Conference, the problems we have experienced, and the necessity to produce an emergency solution have greatly helped me. Just after my graduation, I was a business development manager at Intak Construction Engineering, the founding partner of our Conference speakers, my dear brother Sukan Koç. We have tried to contribute some kind of color to our company with innovative movements as well as in the club. At the same time, we held a conference at approximately 10 universities with Sukan Bey in 1 year and continued our support to clubs. I am currently working as a field control engineer under the scope of Infrastructure Coordination Directorate of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Of course, you must not forget the structure of the building club with the backing of the day. We are selling industry-owned boutique products in Yapıarch, and we stand by them for the support we receive from clubs.  We have achieved the growth rate we are aiming at yapıarch and are working to sustain our achievements. Long way, we're always waiting for your support.

2) What factors have you chosen to choose Civil engineering?

I never thought that civil engineering was an ordinary engineering and even a profession. Maybe we love him so much. If there is a questionnaire between the professions and which colleagues are more fond of his profession, I'm guessing that our place in the first 3 is definitely ready. Most of us are eager to enter the mud on the construction site while walking 100 meters in our way to avoid getting into the mud as we walk the normal path. But I think the best part of our profession is realizing dreams. It's a perfect feeling to offer the benefit of humanity that is just a dream and a project that is on paper. What other profession can pride and honour pass before a completed structure that you work in the project? Of course, we have to give our architects the right. Despite our petty conflicts, I think we should really have the works of two professions and good architects.

3) What profession would you prefer if you could go back to the past?

If there was one more profession that had the emotions I just told you, it could have been, but not. Civil engineering again.

4) What was the most difficult lesson when you were a student?

Fluid mechanics.

5) What challenges have you faced until you are in your position?

Ustam (Sukan koçin) The first day I got kicked out of business, you'll see what your profession is now, five years later, civil engineering will do this job, 10 years later you'll say I'm a civil engineer. To be honest, we have a very valuable title, and we're just stepping into a new profession, and we really have no experience. Depending on this, we are experiencing some difficulties. The lack of regulation information while working in the office is an important factor to be familiar with the programmes. My greatest recommendation to the colleagues who are continuing the university education is that they are especially dominated by our regulations.

6) What are the most effective factors in finding jobs in the private sector? 

Network. Our industry is completely through the network. Maybe your life can change because of the person you never guessed. Create the Network and socialize yourself with your club, and create your own networking, in your hands. We don't have to go too far, and that's the way my brother and sister met.

7) What features should be found in the engineers who want to work in the office? 

As I've just explained, they have to control the regulations and develop themselves in programs.

8) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the office according to the construction site? 

Although the main place of construction engineering looks like a construction site, the most important place for me is the office. Because the design is being done in the office and theoretical knowledge is used here. He can really get a good point in theory and technical sense. However, the worst part of the office is that it is only computer-oriented, but after a while it takes the person back in terms of social work. Of course, the environment, taste and enjoyment of the construction site is also different. There's no way you can find that in the office.

 

9) What do you think about the future of the construction industry?

When I meet with our experienced colleagues, they always indicate that the mobility of the 2012 year and before is gradually declining. In the sense of housing, I think that the metropolitan reaches a saturation or is about to reach. In our country, I believe that the biggest factor that keeps the sector alive is public projects. In Central Asia there is also stagnation and now the best region in the overseas market is Africa. As a matter of fact, our big corporations are making serious investments in Africa.

10) What are your recommendations to civil engineering students?

A club engineer gives a single answer to this question. They should be active in the building club, develop themselves, and make sure they get new friends from different universities. Social networking, network business, job success.

 

Abimbola Abiola

Founder of Yapıarch

Civil engineer

 

Interview with Serdar Ayhan

Can you tell us about yourselves and your work briefly?

I graduated from Yildiz Technical University Civil Engineering department in 2004 and then I made a master's degree in transportation planning in Istanbul Technical University. I would like to have my masters in particular know that I did not do it just to make a master's degree or to postpone my military, because I'm just a field of interest and love.

I started working in a project office the last semester of my undergraduate education. After the graduate education began, I had the opportunity to work in Istanbul transportation A.Ş., one of the most ideal places to work on transportation planning. Then I worked at Arup, which covers the biggest part of my life so far, which I have gained many different experiences, which I am interested in, in different directions. In March of 2016, I joined the Türkerler family for the Mahall Bomonti Izmir Project I was working on.

What factors have you had in your choice of civil engineering?

I was prepared for the university exams in the last year of the ÖSS-Ös examination system, as you know, we were completing our preferences before our scores came back. Frankly I do not know how conscious preferences I have made and my term friends, then I guess there was a perception that Digitech would become an engineer as well, very successful in electrical-electronics, medium-time construction, machinery and electrical engineering in general Like. and textile engineering was popular. I never had a clear job in my head until senior year. I took a look after the test, and I just have a list of architectural and civil engineering choices, and I can even say mainly architectural preferences.

What profession would you prefer if you could go back to the past?

The buildings have always intrigued me, but with more designs, and frankly, while taking the test, there was the architectural department of Mimar Sinan University in Haylimde and my preferences were always architectural and civil engineering, but the two were very separate from each other I didn't realize there were disciplines.  When I met the first days of college, I remembered that I had a really serious disappointment when you said, "You don't work with the design, your business is a calculator," and I even thought about taking the test again. But when we started engineering training, I found our profession and engineering really interesting and I loved it. I think if I were to choose with my current mind, I'd just write civil engineering, but I'd put the Mimar Sinan Architecture department together;)

Which lesson was the most difficult when you were a student?

The lessons I don't keep and the notes of others I work with. When an engineering student is interested in his lessons, and when he's working hard enough, I don't think it's a difficult subject or a lesson.

What challenges have you faced until you're in your position?

Engineering is to solve the problem, to evaluate the possibilities in the best way, to manage resources well, to use the common mind, to eliminate problems and to find better than existing solutions. I've never considered any situation I've encountered in my life as a challenge, I've always preferred to see it as a problem or a stumbling block, and fortunately, I've managed to overcome it all by now.

What do you think about the future of the construction industry?

Construction will continue as long as human beings exist. But when I evaluate topics such as increasing population, changing society structure and individual needs, individualisation, opening of new business branches, mechanization, evolving material technologies, space exploration, travel to Mars, what I do in the near future Frankly, I wonder.

What measures do you take on the construction of occupational safety?

We apply everything required by applicable laws and regulations, the necessary physical measures and controls in the field, the training of employees ' standard answer, but I want to say something else over an incident that happened to me. We went to visit a project that was about to be completed, a young worker in the façade platform of the building was working at 24-25 years old, and on what helmet, rope, what vest… There was no protective material. He replied to me, "You'll be fine, brother." I can give countless examples of workers, engineers and site chiefs like this. No matter how much we measure, the first and most important thing that needs to be done about workers ' safety is the awareness of everyone who stepped into the construction site, waiting for everyone to be at home in the evening of their friends and their side His family is his mother, his father, his wife, his children. If you look at the statisticians, many of the accidents in construction are very easily avoided or accidents that result from carelessness and ejaculation. The only thing without compensation is life. May God bless us all with such accidents.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of working on the construction site according to you?

Working at the site is more enjoyable than sitting in the office, resulting in a structure that will arise as a result of your work. I think it's really exciting to build a step-by-step structure. However, working at the construction site is a little more altruistic, and you are the most family of your relatives, because you may not be able to work within certain working hours on the construction sites, you may not have weekends, outside the city, at the mountain or in the wilderness You can work in places. You can imagine that there are many sites around me that are close to their family. But I can tell you, it's almost impossible to sit in a closed office after swallowing the dust on the construction site. The construction site is like your child after a while, the most important thing you need to know to work at the site is knowing that you will have to devote most of the time to your loved ones.

What are your recommendations to civil engineering students?

It's a lot of free time for a student, or students think so, time is something that can't be undone, so don't waste your time. Take care of our Turkish and make sure to use it without errors. Although we say that we are good as a country for construction, it is not exactly the case, but all the products are almost used except for cement and rebar; Concrete additives, façade joineries, mold systems, the machines we run, unfortunately, always foreign. By working hard, we can overcome this situation by doing research and development, and for that, the candidates who are currently active in the sector as well as the universities, including the students, who will enter the sector in a conscious manner instead of the task Bring. So be concerned and work hard. Learn English very well that you have access to source artifacts.        Follow the agenda and the world, be social. Try to make the most of the task given to you when you enter your work life, don't hesitate to ask, don't be afraid to make mistakes, be brave. Always be sincere and honest with your surroundings. And a final recommendation, read the classics.

 

Michael Alvarado

Mahall Bomonti Izmir Project

Project Manager

The future of the transport industry

          The future of the transport industry

Until about 5000 years ago, people had to fold long distances on horseback or on foot. In conjunction with the invention of the wheel, a big step in the transportation of large items, elderly and sick people have opened the way of moving and mass migrations are easy to make. In the 1950s, about 25% of the population of Turkey lives in villages, while this ratio is It is expected to rise to 74 and 80% in 10 years. In this case, traffic, air and sound pollution, stress and economic problems are causing the cities. These problems are not only for our country, but also the problems that are experienced throughout the world, and with the new technologies produced, solutions are produced in part to these problems. Now let's take a look at the innovations that are expected to spread throughout the world by 2050 in the transportation industry.

Autonomous vehicles

In the areas of artificial intelligence, perhaps the most affecting our daily lives will be the driverless tools. The works of many famous brands in this area are giving fruit and the prototypes produced are successfully undergoing tests. And what are the advantages of artificial intelligence that manages these autonomous vehicles according to a human being? The first of these advantages may be to comply with the rules. Artificial intelligence is also a program, as a result, it is not possible to go out of the rules stated. Suppose all the vehicles on the streets are autonomous. Because all vehicles will be in contact with each other in a variety of ways, they can all be able to get in a synchronized way without accidents. No traffic light or traffic police are needed. This provides a great advantage both economically and in terms of time. We're not going to have a problem finding parking in autonomous cars. The vehicles will find their closest parking space to themselves, and when we want it, it'll come to our feet. Another change will be in taxis. The concept of taxis seems to disappear. We'll get the cab to our phones and let us know where we're going and we'll go where we want to be safe. In cars, there will be no need for gas pedal, gear, steering, but also a big change in vehicle designs. Instead of classical lenses, there will be transparent screens showing the weather, road status and news as we see in the movies. Nowadays, the general use of unmanned aerial vehicles for military purposes will become widespread in civil aviation. Pilots will only intervene on the ground in case of emergencies. With the proliferation of autonomous vehicles, the use of sensors, which will provide regular information to these tools, would also increase. Sensors to be placed inside roads, vehicles and even buildings will help to drive faster, safer and economical driving by sending instantaneous data about road status, weather and traffic flow.

Electric vehicles

Today, 90% of the pollution on the streets, and 14% of global air pollution, consist of the gases produced by automobiles. It has increased the work carried out on electric vehicles, both preventing global warming and the fact that oil will end soon. Although there are many electric vehicles manufactured now, it has not yet come to the desired level of technical features and economically. However, these vehicles will become increasingly widespread in the coming years, and within 30 years they will create a vast majority of vehicles on the streets. With the proliferation of electric vehicles, the reduction of carbon emissions of 500 million tonnes per year in 2050 is seen in front.

With the proliferation of these vehicles, the petrol stations we see around us are expected to replace the stations that produce their own electricity and the sun-paneled parking spaces. In this way, clean and inexpensive energy will open the front of the transportation.

Self-renewing roads

In the future, not only the vehicles will undergo change in roads. Regardless of the quality of the vehicles, the transportation quality is disrupted if roads are damaged. We don't know the self-renewing concrete anymore. The bacteria placed inside the concrete produce calcium carbonate, allowing the cracks in the concrete to be closed. Because these bacteria can survive around 200 years in nature, they also extend the lifetime of the concrete. Although the self-renewing concretes are not used on the roads, it is expected to begin its work in the coming years. Dutch researchers continue to work on the asphalt roads to renew themselves. It is planned to charge the electric vehicles by means of the conductivity of the Asfalta, the use of induction heating, self-closing pits and even electricity, and wireless transmission.

Drone transportation

While the drones are well-entered into our lives, one of the areas used outside of entertainment is transportation. In this area of Amazon and Google, the drones are used to carry things like cargo, pizza and first aid supplies. In Switzerland, two hospitals use drones to carry blood tubes. By the time the drones can carry more loads and travel longer distances, human transport will become possible in the future.

HYPERLOOP

One of the projects of the renowned entrepreneur Elon Musk, Hyperloop is simply a magnetic field created and a portion of the air is a capsule that can carry human beings in the tunnel or in the tunnels. The capsule is exposed to almost zero friction due to the magnetic field being airborne and the vast majority of the ambient air is being subjected to a speed of up to 1200 km/h. The project is still under development and the first attempt is made in Dubai. The SpaceX company, which holds the project, held a capsule design competition for students in August 2017. Students made their own designs with the teams they established and tried to achieve the highest speed by implementing their projects at the SpaceX headquarters. The same competition is scheduled to be organized in the coming years. If this project is implemented, the transportation sector will come to a much different location. Nowadays, the fastest transportation method is to leave the aviation behind. Thanks to Hyperloop, we will be able to fold between the two farthest ends of Turkey in just 2 hours. This project is expected to be implemented within 10 years and the price for passengers will be only 20-30 dollars.

Multipurpose bridges

 

They are expected to get their hands on the bridges of evolving technology and changing lifestyles. Unlike the bridges today. 30 years from now, we can come across purely social bridges built for pedestrians, with cafes, restaurants and cinema halls. One of them is the 11th Street Bridge, which continues its construction in the United States. This bridge, projected to be completed in 2019, is home to areas such as the amphitheatre, café, picnic area, game parks. This bridge aims to contribute economically to the region and to increase the interactions of people on both sides of the bridge. The transportation sector will come to many different places in the coming years, along with emerging technologies. Many projects that have not yet come to mind or do not apply can enter our lives in the coming years. At least we can tell you that a safer, economical, fast and clean life awaits us.

Mohammed Fakih

 

Road transportation from past to present

    Humanity has been needing to go from one point to another for different purposes throughout history. This need has been the main reason for the need for transportation of trade and battles during the subsequent periods, while the hunter – gatherer societies in prehistoric times were a condition to reach nutrients.

    The transportation that needs to be examined periodically is performed with the use of the paths left behind by large herds of animals migrating at first; Subsequently, the built-in societies have evolved into lines with a primitive level of direction and milestones, which are evident that they trade among each other. Archaeological studies have found that the road segments from M. Ö to the present period between 4000 and 2000 years from different periods, were concluded that they created with each other and that they were interwoven road networks. Starting from Europe and crossing across Anatolia to China and India in Asia, the Silk Road, the Spice Road, the King's Road, the copper road lines are connected to each other as shown in Figure 1.

Fig. 1. Historical road routes forming the Silk Road

 

In the period of the Roman Empire, the foundations of modern road networks have begun to be taken with increasing conquests. The first modern road network evaluated as "The Roman Road" BC Built in 300. The main reason for this path is to be called the foundation of modern roads is to be constructed by adopting the logic "plan first, then build". Perhaps the most important approach on a classical Roman road is that it has a layered structure (fig. 2).

Fig. 2. Layered structure of the typical Roman road

 

The development of the boundaries of the Roman Empire is linked to the progress in the construction of road networks. Figure 3 shows the road network of the Roman Empire in the military and economically most effective period. The Romans knew that progress in military fetuses was only dependent on the power of logistical support from the back of the army. For this reason, as the Roman Empire evolves, it has developed as a way to do so.

Fig. 3. Roman Empire Road network

 

The first engineering book on road construction, although the foundations of road networks in Modern sense, was skipped before the Milat, but 18. Written by the French engineer Hubert Gauthier in YY. The booklet titled "Traité de la construction des routes" (examination on the construction of roads) contained information about the road coverings that should be constructed with different layers. This information has often examined the productions for the use of blocks or crushed stones in the construction of roads.

Flexible superstructure road coverings made using bitumen materials (asphalt roads), however, were introduced in the early 19th century and then developed and came to the present day.

In recent years, increased environmental awareness, decreasing raw materials and resources have allowed the development of materials and additives that make recycling possible in road coating technologies. These materials, as well as the production, mixing and reduction of the temperature of the application and the service life of the finished coatings to be improved in the form of recycling described as a re-use He's out.

Given all the work involved in this wide range of historical processes, the primary objective is to try to get access from one point to another in the most comfortable and concise way; With the technology developing in recent years, this convenient and quick access can be done without damaging the environment. In all areas where the speed is so important, other types of transportation are evolving in parallel to the development of highways.

 

Assist. Prof. Dr. Ismail Cagri Görkem,

Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Faculty of Engineering, Nşaat Engineering Department, Department of Transportation, Mugla-Türkiy To

 

Air cleaning buildings

Expo 2015 in Milan, the Italian architectural firm, the air-clearing of the Palazzo Italia unveiled its work

Previously, Dutch scientists said they could reduce the nitro oxygen in the air by 45 percent, using photocatalytic materials on the roads. Researchers from the University of Sheffield also obtained a poster containing microscopic titanium dioxide nano-particles and cleaning nitrogen oxide. Thanks to this, giant billboards are aimed at getting rid of the pollution of highways. In another project inspired by the trees, Canadian scientists are aiming to turn the carbon dioxide in the air into the fuel.

Another building that filters air pollution was the Manuel Gea González Hospital in Mexico, which was made in 2013 in the first five in the world in air pollution. The hospital was made in 2500 square meters. This building is able to clean the air pollution produced by a thousand vehicles a day with the titanium oxide surface. With this technology developed by a Berlin company, titanium oxide tiles are activated by daylight and neutralizes pollution (nitrogen dioxide).
With a similar technology, the Palazzo Italia in Milan, which was made in 2015, is a larger work feature with a space of 13 thousand square meters. “We wanted to build an osmotic organism, like a tree that pulls into carbon dioxide and gives out oxygen,” says Michele Molè, a building architect. The outer façade of the biodynamic cement containing titanium oxide, with its structure, captures nitrogen oxide pollution and transforms it into harmless salt. This harmless salt flows off the surface with the rain. This material only increases the cost of construction by 4 or 5 percent. Furthermore, the Palazzo Italia also consumes 40 percent less energy from conventional structures and does not pollute the air at all.

The entire exterior surface of the structure and part of the interior of the building contains active biodynamic cement panels. With this technology, the activation of certain contaminants in the air is captured and translated into salt thanks to direct sunlight in the material. So the smoke in the atmosphere is cleaned. 80 percent of the air-cleaning cement was obtained from recycling materials such as “Carrara marble”. This energy-saving structure will be produced throughout the day, thanks to the photovoltaic glass roof to be placed in the Palazzo Italia.

It is possible to use the buildings as well as the air-cleaning cement, pedestrian sidewalks, highways or other areas where air pollution is high. This structure, inspired by nature, is very promising in terms of environmental impacts and health, as the world’s reports of severe air pollution have increased.