The construction of the Grand Bazaar was completed in 1461 by Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror and completed in the same year. The bazaar has an area of 45,000 square meters and has nearly 4000 shops.

there are 64 streets, 17 inns and 22 doors. There are 4 basic doors that open from these doors to the bedestens. These include: Sahafs are Zennels, Jewellers, Takkeci. The remaining doors are named after the market in that area or the neighborhood where it was opened.

The bazaar, which served as both production and marketing in the past, has lost its part with the disappearance of various crafts today. The bazaar, which has not lost its popularity, welcomes millions of visitors throughout the year. Kilim is also eye-catching with its coffee and jewellery store, which is suitable for the modern shopping system of the bazaar. 

Despite the great fires of the bazaar which is not unique in the world, the fact that it has survived its architecture and function to this day reveals the durability and functionality of the building.

The bazaar, where more than 20,000 people work and thousands of people visit every day, is in one of istanbul's centrally located locations, making transportation very easy.



It is usually expressed in equivalent ton carbon dioxide (CO2). For example, when you drive a car, the vehicle's engine consumes fuel that produces a certain amount of CO2, depending on driving distance and fuel consumption. When you heat your home with oil, gas or coal, you produce CO2. Even if you heat your home with electricity, a certain amount of CO2 may have been released during the production of electrical energy. When you buy food and goods, some CO2 is released in the production of food and products. Your carbon footprint is the sum of all CO2 emissions you cause in your various activities over a given period of time. Usually the carbon footprint is calculated for a year. We can divide the carbon footprint into primary carbon footprint and secondary carbon footprint. Primary Carbon Footprint Primary carbon footprint is a measure of carbon gas emissions caused by direct actions by individuals. The biggest factor affecting the primary carbon footprint is fuel consumption for transport and energy production.

Here are some examples of the effects of fuels burned on different types of transport on carbon footprint. Short-haul (less than 463 km) flights in air transport emission 257 g / km OF CO2, while long-haul flights emit 113 g/km CO2. In land transport, there is co2 emissions of 109 g /km per kilometer for each passenger. This amount is 280 g / km CO2 in trucks, 175 g / km CO2 in light commercial vehicles, 127 g / km CO2 in newly registered passenger cars, 116 g / km CO2 in trains, 92 g / km CO2 emissions in hybrid electric vehicles. In maritime transport, CO2 emissions per kilometer for passengers by ferry are around 0.22 kg. However, these rates may vary depending on the type of ship used

Ways to Reduce Primary Carbon Footprint
1. Use public transport as much as possible
2. Regular vehicle maintenance
3. Using vehicles with low fuel consumption
4. Walking or cycling over short distances
5. Using renewable energy sources such as solar, wind
6. Make the most of daylight as possible
BC Payattention to thermal insulation in homes and businesses

secondary Carbon Footprint
secondary carbon footprint is the amount of emissions resulting from the consumption of products and services. Many organizations offer carbon footprint calculators to the public and private companies, and some organizations have calculated the carbon footprints of many products. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has mentioned paper, plastic, glass, tin cans, computers, carpets and tires. Australia has been interested in timber and other construction materials. Academics in Australia, Korea and the United States have discussed paved roads. Some nonprofits and academics have covered mailing letters and packages. Carnegie Mellon University has calculated the CO2 footprints of 46 major economic sectors in each of the eight countries.

Evaluating the package of some products is the key to finding a carbon footprint. The most important way to determine the carbon footprint is to look at the materials used to make the item. For example, a juice box is made of aseptic cardboard, beer can made of aluminum, and some water bottles are made of glass or plastic. The bigger the size, the bigger the carbon footprint.
A study conducted in England looked at the diets of the British people and predicted carbon footprint scars depending on their diet. Daily average carbon footprint; for those who consume too much meat
7.19 kg for medium-sized meat drinkers
5.63 kg for those who consume small amounts of meat
4.67 kg, 3.91 kg for fish drinkers and 3.81 kg for vegetarians. The carbon footprint of different textile materials varies significantly according to a wide range of factors- what. Textile production studies in Europe, co2 emissions per kilo of material at the point of purchase by a consumer; 7 in cotton, 5.43 in nylon, 5.55 in PET and 5.48 in wool.

Construction Sector
The cement industry accounts for approximately 5% of global CO2 emissions. Cement is the main component of concrete, which forms the foundations and structures of the buildings in which we live and work. Concrete is the second most consumed substance on Earth after water. On average, every year, three tons of concrete are consumed by every person on the planet.

While "cement" and "concrete" are often used interchangeably, concrete is actually the final product made of cement. The main component of cement is limestone. To produce cement, limestone and other clay-like materials are heated in an oven at 1400°C and then ground to form a lumpy, solid substance called clinker. The clinker is then combined with gypsum to form cement.
Energy and emission density are high depending on the extreme temperature required for cement production. Producing a ton of cement requires 400 kg of energy equivalent to coal and produces about one ton of CO2. Given its high emissions and critical importance to society, cement has an important place to reduce CO2 emissions.

Ways to Reduce Secondary Carbon Footprint
1. Not to buy products from distant countries
2. Not to consume overpackaged products
3. Throwing paper, plastic and glass waste into recycling bins

Interview with Ersan Güray Hocamız

1) can you tell us briefly about yourself and your work?

I came to the world in Kocaeli in the summer of 1978. We were there because of my parents ' civil servant. I spent a small fraction of my childhood in Gölcük, in Degirmendere. When we were kids, the whole place was Nuts. The owner of the vineyard, without seeing the cherry, plum, quince trees, Then came the owner of the remote connection, an announcement came from one of the children: "the owner of the vineyard comes, run away!", we Ran. We had these fruits in our homes, but it was more fun to be in those gardens as a kid. We used to ride on the beach with our bikes, fishing on the Pier. I was not very social, except for my criminal incidents of childhood, and I was generally introverted. I used to read the books I found at home, and there were two volumes that I loved so much: "why-how-how", I made rockets out of pharmaceutical tubes, but they took two steps at the Most. The engine that I ripped out of the old Grundig tape from the mother was very interesting, the years ended without a fatal accident with electric Shock.  After I finished middle school, i left. I went to a bigger place, I was in Istanbul with more traffic, crowds of people, and the second bridge that ended that year.  I've met new people, I've read a lot of Western classics. My desire for learning and insight was very high, especially I was very interested in science and Mathematics. My school was close to Boğaziçi university, and my desire to discover it felt more as I walked into this university's bosphorus-facing Park. Then my path fell to Metu. I'm The one who sees this learning from childhood as Fun.

2) What factors have been in your choice of civil engineering?

As a child, we used to build houses from the mud, small villages with waterways among Them. We used the tree branches as Reinforcement. At that time, we had a sense of how a twig was providing support to the mass of mud that it was holding, but not understanding the working principle of this composite formation, but the way that human beings perceive nature First. We couldn't predict the fact that one day We'd be studying civil engineering when we were building our first primitive mud houses. Civil Engineering was a very prestigious profession in those years, just as it still is, but my personal opinion is that it is not a name that deserves prestige, it should not be, all types of engineers are prestigious, as well as having high human values If he can, if he can, he can judge and manage, every engineer is Prestigious.

3) What profession would you prefer if you could go back to the past?

again, I would choose academics, learning, practicing, Teaching and producing knowledge is the right profession for Me. Maybe I'd be more suited to study physics as a Branch. nevertheless, with the knowledge and experience that I have gained so far, I can approach problems and facts as a Physicist.

4) What was the most difficult course when you were a student?

Maybe you're not used to hearing this, but there was no lesson I was struggling with, just lessons that didn't interest Me. To learn a new topic, we need imagination and motivation to create a new thought.

5) What difficulties have you encountered until you are in your position?

I was mostly suffering from unemployment. There were times when I didn't have a home, and I was in my office. We've always had neighbours, relatives, friends who don't understand Us. An academician can have many disclaasties in his youth Years. He has a research to pursue and his work with Passion. therefore, such a way of life can push us out of the life that others have been able to sustain.

6) What do you think about the future of the construction industry?

We need to look at the whole, not the sector, because the construction sector is also related to the steel industry, or the production of a material used in cement, with mines that produce gravel. The return of all these impellers requires a strong economy, otherwise the construction sector in developing countries, such as ours, is to keep the market Sharp. The market economy is doomed to be chronically ill in countries that are not able to produce raw material, such as ours, and who cannot make the workforce Happy. Apart from that, a few construction bosses have become very wealthy, but they do not connect this Sector.

7) what are the advantages and disadvantages of academics according to you?

first, let me tell you the disadvantages, academics require a lot of work, being diligent, Disciplined. We will also not get anywhere, without effort, by eliminating our personal needs, without protecting our supply, leaving Entrop to Itself. People who like to think, they turn these disadvantages into an advantage. The advantages of academicism are the hard work, the diligent, the Discipline. So they can think systematically, deeply, and produce Information.

8) What do you think are the deficiencies in civil engineering education?

There are deficiencies in civil engineering schools for practical applications. Students only observe the profession in summer internships. however, I am thinking that they should not graduate without producing a reinforced beam that can be used as a test specimen in the universities ' Laboratories. Civil engineering is not to fill every vacant place with concrete, but to the nature-compatible structures, energy usage is low, environment-integrated buildings, and these constructions are crucial to the civilization of the business safety is not necessarily should be emphasized.

9) What are the features that an academician must have and what should an engineer do to develop himself?

The Academy is also the name of the school of philosophy that Plato founded in the Old City of Athens. The philosophy comes from the combination of "phileosophia", the word "sophia", which means wisdom with "phileo" in terms of love in Greek. therefore, An academician should love Knowledge. secondly, An academician should also love to convey what he knows. Because it grows by transmitting universal information, EXPANDS. Academicism is a distinguished profession that provides social benefits such as doctoring, teaching and military service, and requires sacrifices for social Development. An engineer must be responsible for the field he/she works in, adopt his work, and take care of his work and Team.

10) What are your recommendations to civil engineering students?

Civil engineering student is a type of student who usually occurs at the end of the late 10 's and early 20s. Some of these students are largely busy with their lessons and are lacking in all other social cultural activities. Another part of these students is that they do not care about their lessons, but they spend these years by killing them with harmful habits or wasting time. I suggest they fulfill their responsibilities, so they go to class and do their Homework. I would advise them to read about the matters they are interested in. theatre, cinema, dance, Sports activities such as the busy and the place where they live, so your homeland is not enough now in relation to the world environment, sociology, economy and policy issues, ideas and ideas to create . Keep their horizons wide. Let the mind and conscience be free. never, ever leave the Truth. I'm Thanking You.

Ph.D. lecturer Ersan Güray,

Mugla Sitki Koçman university, Faculty of engineering, I Department of Civil engineering, Mechanical division, mugla- Turkey

Virtual reality in the construction sector

Virtual reality

Virtual reality is called environments that are simulated by computers. Most virtual reality environments consist of visual experiences acquired through a computer screen. In addition, some environments take advantage of other senses, such as hearing and movement.

Virtual reality in the construction sector

Speaking of virtual reality technology, we said the user's interaction with the virtual world. From here on, you can imagine that the development of this technology, as in all other sectors, is the perfect thing to do in the field of construction. Before we begin to imagine, let's examine the use of this technology in our sector. I want to put another short concept together: augmented reality. He entered Turkish in terms such as "extended reality" or "enriched reality". It is the version of virtual reality and is used in the construction industry and will have an important place in the future. With virtual reality solutions in the construction sector, we are now able to put a building in the project stage, virtual reality glasses With virtual reality technology, we are able to build it in the virtual world without a structure. We are able to test the human-equipment-structure interaction in a 3d virtual world.


this application; It means that time, loss of money and all other risks are reduced to zero. While solving a detail, designing a building element, assembling it, using a work machine, etc., each stage of construction can be rehearsed in the virtual world. " Can this profile be assembled here? Does this machine get in here? Does the pump grow here? "Simple examples of questions that come to mind, all phases from design to assembly can be tested in the virtual world. Project teams will be able to realize all the impropriety before moving on to the real design in the designed virtual world. Manufacturing teams will be able to produce more accurate productions in real life and to see and fix problems in advance thanks to the tests made in the virtual environment prior to manufacturing. Customers will be able to visit the virtual version of the structure before the construction, and will be able to see the final version at the beginning of the structure.

Augmented reality

Unlike virtual reality, augmented reality integrates into the digital world without tearing us apart from the real world. This gives a serious advantage in interactive presentations. Augmented reality is not yet fully behind the computer power, but in some applications it is not as capable of virtual reality, but with the advantage that it captures with real-world integration, it gives an advantage to a range of unique opportunities. For example With its originality, interaction, functionality and impressively, augmented reality provides very serious advantages for architectural and construction sectors. The augmented reality app, which uses the camera of tablets and smartphones to enrich the actual images reflected on the screen through virtual reality, brings the real world and the virtual world together to make users an interactive Experience. The augmented reality technology, where communication technologies specialists are also consensus today, is known as the latest mass information and communication platform following the mobile platform. Augmented reality; is considered as the latest trend of technology and is often voiced by experts who will not stop developing. Augmented reality technology, which is implemented through custom software applications on tablets and smartphones, shows the desired visuals, videos and materials with more real and all the sizes. The images and videos that were previously defined with the camera are presented to the user's knowledge of the project.


Ravi Kaushik


Steel conveyor systems exhibit certain advantages over reinforced concrete systems. High
exposed to earthquake loads at a minimum level due to their strength and design being light
the stays are one of these advantages. Tensile and pressure as material properties of steel
with lower tensile strength than materials with equivalent strength
can be considered as a good solution for non-performing systems.

The installation of steel elements on site or atelier manufacturing is fast.
Unlike reinforced concrete construction systems, installations in all conditions, except for unusual weather conditions
done. For this reason, construction times are short. Dismantling for any reason
this process can be carried out quickly if necessary and in addition,
it can be constructed with the same materials again with very little loss in the place. Great openings
systems that can not be passed by reinforced concrete building materials steel carriers
systems can be easily passed. Quality control of steel construction elements
Below. They are produced in factory conditions in accordance with standards and values. Homogeneous and
since it is an isotropic material, it exhibits its expected behavior and therefore
the error margin in static calculations is very low.

Buildings with steel conveyor systems, developed countries due to engineering applications find a lot of space in the building sector, but due to their high costs in our country
compared to buildings with reinforced concrete systems, they had a much smaller number of applications.
Statistically, the share of steel structures in some developed countries is 50% in Europe,
70% in America and 80% in Japan, while only 5%
It is around. Undoubtedly, these systems can be more economically dimensioned and built,
seismic performances of these structures are very high, such as our country active earthquake risk
and it is thus possible to prevent the occurrence of an earthquake
the damage will be reduced to the minimum level.

Besides, the point reached in science and technology in today's civilization, unfortunately
even at the expense of damaging the world's ecosystem
aimed to provide. So, global warming is a real threat to future generations
form. Human activities are ultimately emitted by the greenhouse gases carbon dioxide, spherical
It is the biggest cause of heat. Production and transport are two major sources of carbon dioxide emissions
although the construction sector plays an important role in this issue. Building and
construction work, global resource use after today's energy production and pollution
they have the largest share in the spread. Urban population worldwide is one million every week
Considering the fact that people are increasing, sustainable and / or environmentalist construction
it becomes very important. By reducing environmental impact throughout the lifespan of structures such as sustainable (environmental) construction, housing, work environment and infrastructure,
aims to meet the needs of the organization.

Steel is one of the most sustainable (environmentalist) materials on earth. Since the early 1990s, the steel industry has reduced the amount of energy it uses to produce a ton of steel in about a third. 95% of the water used in the steel production process is recycled. Every piece of steel used in construction has a recyclable content. Moreover, steel can be recovered and recycled into new high quality products. Steel structures require less material to carry the same amount of load carried by reinforced concrete, masonry and timber structures. In this context, the use of structures with a steel carrier system is increasing in the construction sector. The use of structures with steel carrier systems in the construction industry helps designers achieve sustainable (environmental) standards at the highest level. Beyond that, the use of steel constructions reduces the amount of waste generated in the buildings to a minimum. This is in fact due to the fact that preliminary engineering and preparation of almost all the construction project is done by using modern and efficient technology and the building members and panels are prepared in workshops and factories and then transported to the construction site and assembled. As a result, buildings constructed using steel carrier elements can be used to build sustainable (environmentally friendly) buildings that are energy efficient and environmentally friendly.

Asst. Assoc. Dr. Serdar ÇARBAŞ
Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey University,
Engineering faculty,
Civil engineering Department,
Dept of Building Anabilim
Karaman Turkey



According to general facts, space could be tried with the Sputnik-I in 1957. Of course, space researches had begun much earlier, but the public had information about space studies with this first satellite. Space researches have progressed at a great pace since then. There were many firsts: the first creature to escape, the first person to escape, the first vehicle to the moon, the first person to the moon, the first vehicle to Mars, and so on. The common point observed in these studies was multidisciplinary.

It is natural that space exploration and space studies are multifaceted. First of all, since we deal with many new worlds, any kind of discipline in the world we now live on will have a place in these studies. In addition, new transportation, communication, adaptation and so on. Additional problems such as this will make the studies more difficult. Overcoming these problems will require the use of all the know-how accumulated so far in the world and scientists and engineers from different disciplines in many places. Now there are new people to learn and their new naturalities. "Mankind goes every where it can go", according to the rule, the next few decades will be the first touristic and permanent settlements in the orbit of the earth and the moon, and the first discovery trips to Mars. They will follow the colonization of the places left and the more remote world travels.

This is when the settlement starts at this point, that is, in the void of space and in all the extraterrestrial environments, civil engineering will take over the task of thousands of years: protecting humanity from negative natural conditions by using local natural opportunities and overcoming natural obstacles. The word "local" in this description is full of facts when it comes to the difficulties in transporting materials and equipment to these new environments from around the world.


 As the settlement nears the age of space, the process of preparing civil engineering for new tasks has also accelerated.


 Moon ground, topography and seismology were studied further. As a result of the on-site experiments and examinations of the samples taken at various times, a great deal of information has been obtained both in terms of ground mechanics and in terms of the elements that can be obtained from this soil. The structures will be covered with 2-6 m thick moon land, which will provide sufficient protection from the negative factors.


 Mine and other elements that can be economically obtained from moon land, such as construction materials, especially moon concrete * have been investigated to the extent that it can be called advanced.


It has been determined that a variety of building types can be used, considering that the structures in which the living things will be located will be under the influence of internal pressure, and that these structures will also be economical in the form of sphere or cylinder. Monthly construction will reveal that moon land will be needed in abundant quantities. In production management, all efficiency and cost databases will be changed, risk management and zero error concepts will be very important in planning works.


 Previously used manned or unmanned campaigns, various land vehicles on the moon have been successfully used. Work is ongoing for roads and railway or cable transportation that will be needed for long-term settlements. It is also foreseen that these roads will be used for energy transmission at the same time.


 The environmental engineering aspects of the month will be so important that it can not be denied, and the storage, destruction or recycling of waste will be given a high priority. Increasing knowledge in this area is also an up-to-date topic. At this time, the International Space Station, which is circulating around the world, is gaining valuable experience in this regard.


 At present, mankind will be settled somewhere near the southern pole in the month. Thus, it will be able to take advantage of the continuous solar energy and close to the invisible part of the world, where it will be able to get rid of the world-borne radio pollution.


Turkish engineering has entered space researches in various ways for a long time. Many valuable Turkish engineers continue to work in the space sector at the present US institution NASA, European Space Agency ESA. Our country is the only institution that trains members on aerospace engineering at Istanbul Technical University of Aeronautics and Astronautics Aerospace Engineering Department at the Faculty of taking up to 30 students each year to Turkey gives trained personnel in this field. These employees are currently working in various civilian and military establishments, particularly in the service areas related to TURKSAT / satellites / academic air-space research centers, some technology firms.

It was founded in 1983. The said section, and it received its first students in 1986, ten years in Turkey "will be put into orbit around the world, manned and unmanned satellites and other spacecraft and they will put in orbit rockets to build, their mission path and plan their calculation, by checking them constantly , "and" engineers who are useful in carrying out scientific and technological experiments to be carried out on spacecrafts, using satellites for communication purposes, and carrying out many civil and military services related to the world ".

In areas such as space construction engineer and space architect who will be involved in the realization of space settlements in other dimensions of space engineering, the work is still in the phase of enterprise. Initiatives to be mentioned in this context are seen in Eastern Mediterranean University in Cyprus. This university will be in the Department of Civil Engineering at the beginning of the 2000 – 2001 academic year spring semester. an "elective course on Introduction to Space Civil Engineering" was opened to the students of the class. Since this course is still offered on the internet in distance education program, it will be followed by students of other universities in the future. Also within this scope, the same university is carrying out graduate studies related to constructions that can be applied in space, especially in the month. It would also be appropriate to include an investigation to determine the points of view of the largest international construction, design and construction management firms on space constructions. In this case, it is possible to mention that Turkish civil engineering started to enter the space age as well. Other branches of science will follow.


                                                                                                               KAYRA YAĞCI



Interview with Burak Abo

1) Can you tell us about yourself and your work briefly?

I was born in Istanbul in 1994. I got my civil Engineering diploma in 2016. As much as I cared about my education during my university education, I also cared about the social. In the last year of my university education, I took over the role of the Board of Directors of the building club. During my presidential term, I had the need to strengthen the foundation of our club with professionalism, institutional and innovative perspectives. Indeed, the importance of these 3 principles in business life is always separate for me. After our numerous technical trips with our club, we have successfully organized the National Building Conference with 8 sponsors, 13 speakers and 400 participants from 23 different universities. I would say that the preparation process of our Conference, the problems we have experienced, and the necessity to produce an emergency solution have greatly helped me. Just after my graduation, I was a business development manager at Intak Construction Engineering, the founding partner of our Conference speakers, my dear brother Sukan Koç. We have tried to contribute some kind of color to our company with innovative movements as well as in the club. At the same time, we held a conference at approximately 10 universities with Sukan Bey in 1 year and continued our support to clubs. I am currently working as a field control engineer under the scope of Infrastructure Coordination Directorate of Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality. Of course, you must not forget the structure of the building club with the backing of the day. We are selling industry-owned boutique products in Yapıarch, and we stand by them for the support we receive from clubs.  We have achieved the growth rate we are aiming at yapıarch and are working to sustain our achievements. Long way, we're always waiting for your support.

2) What factors have you chosen to choose Civil engineering?

I never thought that civil engineering was an ordinary engineering and even a profession. Maybe we love him so much. If there is a questionnaire between the professions and which colleagues are more fond of his profession, I'm guessing that our place in the first 3 is definitely ready. Most of us are eager to enter the mud on the construction site while walking 100 meters in our way to avoid getting into the mud as we walk the normal path. But I think the best part of our profession is realizing dreams. It's a perfect feeling to offer the benefit of humanity that is just a dream and a project that is on paper. What other profession can pride and honour pass before a completed structure that you work in the project? Of course, we have to give our architects the right. Despite our petty conflicts, I think we should really have the works of two professions and good architects.

3) What profession would you prefer if you could go back to the past?

If there was one more profession that had the emotions I just told you, it could have been, but not. Civil engineering again.

4) What was the most difficult lesson when you were a student?

Fluid mechanics.

5) What challenges have you faced until you are in your position?

Ustam (Sukan koçin) The first day I got kicked out of business, you'll see what your profession is now, five years later, civil engineering will do this job, 10 years later you'll say I'm a civil engineer. To be honest, we have a very valuable title, and we're just stepping into a new profession, and we really have no experience. Depending on this, we are experiencing some difficulties. The lack of regulation information while working in the office is an important factor to be familiar with the programmes. My greatest recommendation to the colleagues who are continuing the university education is that they are especially dominated by our regulations.

6) What are the most effective factors in finding jobs in the private sector? 

Network. Our industry is completely through the network. Maybe your life can change because of the person you never guessed. Create the Network and socialize yourself with your club, and create your own networking, in your hands. We don't have to go too far, and that's the way my brother and sister met.

7) What features should be found in the engineers who want to work in the office? 

As I've just explained, they have to control the regulations and develop themselves in programs.

8) What are the advantages and disadvantages of the office according to the construction site? 

Although the main place of construction engineering looks like a construction site, the most important place for me is the office. Because the design is being done in the office and theoretical knowledge is used here. He can really get a good point in theory and technical sense. However, the worst part of the office is that it is only computer-oriented, but after a while it takes the person back in terms of social work. Of course, the environment, taste and enjoyment of the construction site is also different. There's no way you can find that in the office.


9) What do you think about the future of the construction industry?

When I meet with our experienced colleagues, they always indicate that the mobility of the 2012 year and before is gradually declining. In the sense of housing, I think that the metropolitan reaches a saturation or is about to reach. In our country, I believe that the biggest factor that keeps the sector alive is public projects. In Central Asia there is also stagnation and now the best region in the overseas market is Africa. As a matter of fact, our big corporations are making serious investments in Africa.

10) What are your recommendations to civil engineering students?

A club engineer gives a single answer to this question. They should be active in the building club, develop themselves, and make sure they get new friends from different universities. Social networking, network business, job success.


Abimbola Abiola

Founder of Yapıarch

Civil engineer